WRI The World Resources Institute publishes data on natural resources and physical endowments of countries. Data are published in “World Resources 1994-1995: A Guide to the Global Environment”,Oxfofd UniversityPress, Oxfornd: 1995,an0the subsequent “World Resources 1996-98” ”ditionof thiesepprt. Thh WRI puЫishes the full set of data on diskette. Information is available.
SACHS/WARNER The source for this data set is the NBER working paper by Jeoffrey Sachs and Andrew Warner acknowledged in the bibliogrpahy Reading here.
BARRO/LEE The data set contains variables from the 1994 cross-country study by Robert J.
Barro and Jong-Wha Lee. Data are presented either quinquennially for the years 1960-1985, i.e., 1960, 1965, 19-0, 19-5, 1980, and 1985, or for averages of five years’ sub-periods over 1960-1985. This dataset is available from the NBER web ‘The Director, PopulationDivision/DESKA, United Nations, DC2-1950, New York, NY 9009-.
GHCN Weather data was provided by the Global Historical Climatology Network. Information is available on monthly average temperatures, monthly precipitation, and atmospheric pressure. The first GHCN data base contains mean monthly temperature data (in tenths of degrees celsius) for 6039 stations throughout the world. The second GHCN data base contains total monthly precipitation data (in tenths of millimeters) for 7533 stations throughout the world. Most records (76%) end in the 1980s.
No data are available for any station after 1990. To make the data usable for our project, the atmospheric pollution measurement stations were matched to their closest meteorological observation stations. Where two stations were nearby, an average of these two were formed. The raw data and description file are available from the National Climatic Data Center of the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
IMF/IFS The International Monetary Fund’s “International Financial Statistics” providedan-cillary data, mostly growth rates of real GDP and population, that were used to extrapolate data from the Penn World Tables.
OIL Real world oil prices were obtained from the U.S. Energy Information Administra tion, a branch of the U.S. Dept. of Energy. The real world oil price is calculated by dividing the landed costs of crude oil imports from Saudi Arabia (Arabian Light) in US$ per barrel by the US GDP deflator (1990=100). More information is available at http://www. eia.doe. gov/price. html.
A/C/T Longitude and Latitude data for the participating cities in the GEMS/Air study were hand-coded by the authors and were obtained primarily from the index of “Oxford Concise Atlas of the Worldp2ndedeiov.